Private investments contribute to the development of community-based farms in Tajikistan
On April 1, 2016 CAREC research team jointly with the representatives of Tajikistan’s Ministry of Labor, Migration and Employment of Population, Committee for Environmental Protection under the Government of the Republic of Tajikistan and PRISE project partners visited a community-based farm, located in Hassan Hussein Jamoat of Yavan district. The Jamoat calculates up to 830 farms, and each one occupies a plot of 10 hectares in average. One of the Jamoat’s residents said that the number of community-based farms in the district over the past years significantly increased. This tendency is mostly due to private investments and remittances provided by labor migrants.
Fruits, vegetables and cereals are typical crops, which grow in the farms of Yavan district. Most of the fruits, such as grapes, apples, plums are exported to Kazakhstan and Russia. Taking into account aridity of the district and low precipitation patters, farmers use traditional irrigation methods and surface water uptakes. Yet, long-term climate scenarios forecast that it there will most likely be dryer seasons with an extreme shortage of water flow. Undoubtedly such scenario would cause a risk for food security and agricultural development. That’s why it is important to explore opportunities to using water-saving techniques and sustainable land management practices from now on.
CAREC team in the frameworks of the research project, and in collaboration with key national partners and other project stakeholders, plans to develop a series of recommendations and measures, which will provide an enabling environment for the migrants and their families effectively use remittances and invest to a climate-resilient future in Tajikistan.
Yavan is one of the pilot sites of the research project "Migration, remittances, adaptation and resilience to climate change in arid and semi-arid regions of Senegal and Tajikistan", supported by a multi-country initiative PRISE - "Pathways to Resilience in Semi-Arid Economies", and carried out in Tajikistan by CAREC.
The Ministry of Labor, Migration and Employment of Population of the Republic of Tajikistan and Committee for Environmental Protection under the Government of Tajikistan are key national partners of the project in Tajikistan.