WATER RESOURCES MANAGEMENT AND STRENGTHENING CAPACITY OF TRANSBOUNDARY WATER MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS IN CENTRAL ASIA, AND
CAPACITY-BUILDING OF WATER MANAGEMENT ORGANIZATIONS AND JOINT BASIN INSTITUTES IN THE SPHERE OF BASIN PLANNING
The Aral-Syrdarya Basin is a part of the Aral Sea Basin and, thus, particularly suffers from the drying out of the sea. In spite of the efforts by the government of the Republic of Kazakhstan and the international donors, the possibility to resolve the problem remains vague.
The absence of proper monitoring and management of irrigation systems and water resources constitute the most complicated issues. Often, authorized organizations lack capacity to carry out full-fledged assessments of their respective basins, which results in the absence of appropriate basin planning necessary to manage various levels of water use and timeframes.
Therefore, in order to improve the situation a more systemic approach to water resources management is required. To this end, Kazakhstan has become the 1st country in Central Asia to draft the National Integrated Water Resources Management (IWRM) and Water-Saving Plan.
In Kazakhstan, the Aral-Syrdarya Basin stretches through Kyzylorda and Southern Kazakhstan Regions, covers the area of 345,000 km2, and is home to about 2.6 mln people (approximately, 17% of the national population). The Syrdarya River is the main river of the basin. It is formed outside Kazakhstan in the Ferghana Valley by the confluence of the Naryn and the Karadarya Rivers.
The project is a part of the Program “Supporting Water Management and Basin Organizations in Central Asia” (WMBOCA) co-funded by the European Union since 2012. The project aims to assist the Aral-Syrdarya Basin Inspection and the Aral-Syrdarya Basin Council to develop and implement the complete basin plan with the aim of promoting IWRM on the river basin level. The project is carried out with the financial support of the EU and is co-sponsored by the German Ministry of Foreign Affairs. The project partners include the Deutsche Gesellschaft fuer Internationale Zusammenarbeit (GIZ) GmbH (German Society for International Cooperation), the Water Resources Committee of the Republic of Kazakhstan, the Aral-Syrdarya Water Inspection, and the Aral-Syrdarya Basin Council (ASBC).
The main project outcome is the development of the IWRM basin plan for the Aral-Syrdarya Basin Council (ASBC) and the launch of its implementation. 4 meetings of the Aral-Syrdarya Basin Council had been held throughout the project and the follow-up basin plan implementation period. The ASBC meetings – attended by the representatives of 42 stakeholder organizations – focused on the following basin-specific issues:
- operation of biological stations in the cities of Shymkent and Kyzylorda;
- establishment of water sanitary zones and belts to protect water bodies located within the basin;
- IWRM basin plan;
- technical condition of the reservoir and other miscellaneous issues.
Also within the framework of the project 2 small basin councils (SBC’s) had been established in the Aral-Syrdarya Basin: the Aral Coast SBC in Kyzylorda Region and the Ugam-Keles SBC in the Southern Kazakhstan Region.
As of today, each of these SBC’s had held 4 meetings where they adopted basin council provisions, and selected and finalized their membership. The SBC’s focus on the following issues:
• transboundary water distribution within the main canal system;
• technical condition of collector-drainage network of Saryaghash District,
• construction of the Aksaj Canal headworks;
• access of small rural communities to potable water.
Project Manager (firstname.lastname@example.org)