Migration, remittances, adaptation and resilience to climate change in arid and semi-arid regions of Senegal and Tajikistan

September 2015 – October 2018
In Tajikistan - the project is implemented by the Regional Environmental Centre for Central Asia (CAREC); In Senegal - the project is implemented by the Innovation Environnement Dévéloppement Afrique (IED Afrique)
Funding sources
Sustainable Development Policy Institute (SDPI)
$ 185 995
  • IED Afrique
  • DfID
  • IDRC

The project is one of the research packages of the “Pathways to Resilience in Semi-Arid Economies or PRISE”. PRISE is a five-year, multi-country research project that generate new knowledge about how economic development in semi-arid regions can be made more equitable and resilient to climate change. PRISE is carried out under the Collaborative Adaptation Research Initiative in Africa and Asia (CARIAA), with financial support from the UK Government’s Department (DfID) and the International Development Research Centre (IDRC), Canada.

This research aims to study the links between remittances of migrants and resilience in arid and semi-arid lands (ASAL). The expected result of the research project is to provide the evidence base to improve social and economic policies to support migration and remittances as an adaptation measure and secure long-term climate-resilient development of semi-arid economies of Senegal and Tajikistan.

Overarching research question:

How can the remittances from migrants be more effectively channelled and re-invested in ways that will make a real impact on people's resilience in semi-arid lands in Senegal and Tajikistan?

The main activities of the project:

Step 1. Desk review: During this stage, the team will collect and review statistic and documentary data and information available, including analysis of data, reports and review of policies on climate change related issues, migration and socio-economic development of countries.

Step 2. Household surveys: The project team will conduct household surveys in the selected research sites. The questionnaires will target and not limit the following categories (i) general information about the respondents, (ii) overall income and share of remittances, (iii) distribution of remittances, (iv) vulnerability to climate change, risks and responses, (v) money transfers (banks, handover, etc.,); (vi) using of remittances to ensure sustainability, as well as their relevance and applicability to the public.

Step 3. Comparative analysis: Comparative analysis, based on a qualitative method, intends to track changes and commonalities between two SAL countries Senegal and Tajikistan in terms of migration patterns, flows of remittances, distribution, gender specificity, etc.

Step 4. Scenario projection: This step envisages a quantitative support and modeling exercise. Both project teams need a resource person, who can contribute to the research by projecting the future economies in SALs on migration, remittances and linkages to a climate-resilient future to see (a) what will be the situation with a business as usual scenario (no policies are in place, the situation continues as it is), and (b) what will be the situation if improvements in policies (social safety nets, banking systems, etc.) are undertaken.

  • Working paper: Migration, remittances and climate resilience in Senegal and Tajikistan

  • Methodology: Sampling number, pilot sites, and select tools for household survey

  • Working paper: Key findings of the research in Senegal and Tajikistan

  • Case study: Gender-specific role in migration, remittances and climate resilience

  • Working paper: Commonalities and differences between Senegal and Tajikistan in shaping remittances towards climate resilience

  • Policy Brief: Informing policy makers about next steps towards climate resilient future and how migration and remittances can help shaping the efficient policies

  • Recommendations and a road map to improve the policies