Mainstreaming ecosystem service into macroeconimical and sectoral programes of the Republic of Kazakshtan
Ecosystems provide a whole array of services utilized for economic and development purposes. The humanity’s growing energy and ecosystem needs lead to resources and ecosystems depletion.
The demand often exceeds available ecosystem services (ES) and leads to their excessive exploitation, which reduces their efficiency and stability. Despite this disturbing context, ES provision is often perceived as something constant and non-tangible. The importance of ecosystem services is often underestimated and seldom integrated into related national policies and development planning.
Integration of ecosystem economics and biodiversity into further planning and policy-making as well as corresponding decision-making and action planning is an innovative conservation approach indispensable in the context of depleting natural resources.
Within this project – implemented in close cooperation with the Minnesota University (MU) – UNEP and CAREC aim to build national capacities on integrating ES’s into macroeconomic policies and programs of Kazakhstan.
The project is directed towards improving the understanding of the significance of ES and expanding opportunities for introducing this approach to key national development plans (national and macroeconomic levels) in close cooperation with decision-makers.
In the Republic of Kazakhstan, the project is implemented by the Central Asian Regional Environmental Center in partnership with the Minnesota University (USA) with the financial support of the UN Environmental Program (UNEP).
• Establishing a network of national experts and decision-makers involved in the national development planning and ES accounting;
• Reviewing legal, economic, and environmental framework, including data on environment in the Republic of Kazakhstan;
• Carrying out research in target areas to identify necessary environmental indicators and develop macroeconomic models/tools allowing ES integration into national development plans;
• Capacity-building through trainings, seminars, political dialogue and consultations with relevant stakeholders, including key politicians, NGO’s, the Mass Media, and the public;
• Developing ready-to-use recommendation on ES valuation and accounting within the framework of key planning and development processes;
• Distributing project outcomes among wide audience, including NGO’s, civil society and private sector organizations.
• Economic valuation and accounting of ES’s by way of identifying key environmental indicators to be included in national monitoring systems to ensure effective ecosystem services accounting within development planning and decision-making;• Development of models, tools, action plans and recommendations on ES accounting in key development and planning processes on the national and macroeconomic levels;
• Raising awareness and building capacity of public agencies and other stakeholders to ensure integration of ES’s into macroeconomic decision-making processes;
• Review of national development plans and government expenditure re ES accounting.
Project Manager SKartayeva@carececo.org